PRC-25

©Brooke Clarke, N6GCE

Soldier w/PRC-25

Photo from Getting the Message Through, by the U.S. Signal Corps.

General Information
Which Radio PRC-25 or PRC-77 is it?

Configurations 
    Man Pack 
    Vehicle 
    Man Pack or Vehicle 
Maintenance Information
    DC Power
    Current Consumption
    Power Out vs. DC Supply Voltages
    TS-183 Battery Test Set results
    J3 Power Connector Pin Out
    Modification For use with AN/PCC-1 multiplexer = PRC-25B
    Modules
    Whip Antenna Connector
        AB-1135
    Transmitter Alignment
    PS Magazine articles
    Manuals
    Parts List
    Vehicle Installations 
    PSN-6 Loran-C receiver
    KY-671 Decoder-Indicator
    Test Equipment
Links

 
PRC-25
                      Front
PRC-25 Top
                      open
PRC-25
                      Bottom open
PRC-25
                      back/bottom open
PRC-25
                      open panel opened
 Front
Top 
Bottom
Back 
Open
BA-5598
                      Top
BA-4386
                      Top
CY-2562
                      Battery Box Vent
 
 
 BA-5598/U LiSO2
NOT FOR USE ON
PRC-25!
 BA-4386/U Mag.
 Safety Vent on
Battery Box
Pressure test plug
in center
 

General Information

This is a man pack VHF Low Band squad radio covering 30.00 to 75.95 MHz in 50 kHz steps.  It uses wide band FM modulation.  Even the more modern Low Band VHF radios that tune in 25 kHz steps use wide band FM because it supports encryption systems that preserve the speakers voice.  Commercial VHF radios use 5 kHz channel spacing and what's called narrow band FM modulation.
Vehicle versions are AN/VRC-53, AN/VRC-64, AN/GRG-125, AN/GRC-160 TM 11-5820-498-12, -20P, -34P, -35
AN/VRC-12 series TM 11-5820-101-12
A pair of these PRC-25 radios came from eBay where the seller described them as "These units have most likely seen the battlefield with all the scars on them. Very rugged and sturdy. " and although they have seen a lot of use, they turned on and are working fine.  Most electronic equipment that had received the abuse that these units have had would be non functional (i.e. destroyed).

The RT-505/PRC-25 is constructed using discrete components (no ICs).  Instead of being built on a single printed circuit board there are a number of modules, each providing a specific function and typically have a small number of connections for inputs, outputs and power.   The synthesizer uses a number of crystals and consists of a number of modules, but does not use an IC like the PRC-68.

The German SEM-35 is a similar man pack radio covering 26.00 to 69.95 MHz.  It uses the older H-33 handset with the U-77 type AUDIO connector, not the current U-229 type audio accessories.

This radio was one of, if not the first to use the 150 Hz tone to open the squelch.  It turns out this was a mistake since an enemy can "Squelch Capture" the radio and prevent it from receiving.

The first battery used in the PRC-25 was the BA-386/PRC-25.  Note the "PRC-25" suffix.  Most military batteries have a "/U" suffix indicating they have Universal application.  I think this means that the PRC-25 and it's battery were designed at the same time.  Later the BA-4386/PRC-25 battery replaced the earlier one.  The BA-4386/PRC-25 battery was made in very large quantities and so became a standard battery for many other military items.

The PRC-25 was replaced by the PRC-77 late in the Vietnam era.  The form, fit and function of the PRC-77 are backwards compatible with the PRC-25 and, except for the label the two radios are identical from an outside visual inspection.

The method of selecting frequency uses two knobs, one for integer MHz and the other for the 50 kHz steps.  This is very similar to the RT-68 (jpg) all tube radio.

Which Radio PRC-25 or PRC-77 is it?

The only difference in external appearance between the PRC-25 and PRC-77 is the stick on label.  If the label has been removed or beaten up to the point it can no longer be read then how to tell which radio is it.  Click the link for some simple tests.

Specifications

There is a summary of test data in paragraph 67 of  TM 11-5820-398-35.

Configurations

    Man Pack PRC-25

When the PRC-25 radio is carried on the back it's Just a PRC-25 Radio Set.

    Vehicle VRC-53

When the PRC-25 is installed in the AM-2060 Audio Amplifier/Power Supply and connected to the AS-1729 Antenna System it's called a VRC-53 Radio System.  The AM-2060 is set upon the MT-1029 Vehicle Mount.  The MT-1029 supports use of the VIC-1 Vehicle Inter Communication system.

Man Pack or Vehicle VRC-125

If the ST-138, some bateries and CW-503 bag of accessories is carried in the vehicle so that radio can be dismounted and man carried, then the system is a VRC-125.

Maintenance Information

Module block diagram on page 110 of TM 11-5820-398-12.pdf (this is current through change # 6)
A Check List for testing an RT-505/PRC-25 by using a known good radio.

DC Power

The PRC-25 uses a simple classic form of battery power where the battery is connected directly to the circuits using the power, there are no switching type supplies here.  If the load presented to the battery looked like a resistor then the power delivered (audio or RF) will be proportional to the battery voltage squared.  For the normal "12 volt" voltage range of 10 to 15 volts the power ratio is about 1 to 2.25 watts.

PRC-25 & PRC-77 Batteries

2577BA Battery Adapter

Need 3 and 15 Volts
BA-386/PRC-25 Carbon cell Dry battery
BA-4386/U Magnesium cell with twice the capacity as the BA-386  NSN 6135-00-926-8322
WARNING - This battery out gasses Hydrogen gas as a normal part of its chemistry.
It MUST be used with a battery box that has the vent!  If an unvented battery box is used,
when the latches are released the box may shoot off of the radio and cause personal injury.  Mike Murphy experienced this in person.  Also the Hydrogen gas may explode.

I heard from a Marine
MOS 2841 Ground Radio Repairman who installed the vents.  He said that this was done for the PRC-77 radios since the PRC-25s had been removed from service by the time the problem was known.  The install kit included:
  • a Template and instructions
  • a pilot drill bit
  • a hold punch
  • tube of Silicon seal
In addition there would be some number of the vent plugs.

I'm trying to confirm exactly what this fix was supposed to accomplish.

Caution - I got one of these on eBay that was new in the sealed plastic wrap with an expiration date of 07/99.  When tested on 27 Nov. 2001 using a PRC-25 is was about or really dead.
See the first part of the Power Out vs. DC Supply Voltages table below.  Buyer beware.

Inside there are 18 cells (each about 1.75 Volts) about 0.85" dia x 3.3" tall.  There are two groups of three cells in parallel (1.5 V) and these are in series (3.5 V) for the filament.  For the +14 Volts there are six groups of two cells (1.75 V)  in series (10.5 v) and these are connected on top of (in series with) the filament cells (10.5 + 3.5 = 14 V).  The wires from the battery to the connector for the ground and +14 are about 18 gauge BUT the for the filament it is #30 wire wrap wire and is about 5" long.  This is either to add resistance and/or act as a fuse?  It measures 1.28 Ohms resistance, so it may be a current limiting resistor for when the final tube has a cold filament.

BA-898/U (-398/U?) for Arctic operation (17 hours of operation)  NSN 175-00-926-3503
  • CX-8088/G Special Cable Assembly connects the battery-vest to the radio
  • BA-5598/U  1/2 size Lithium primary battery
    Warning - CECOM has a no use bulletin for the BA-5598/U in the PRC-25.  They have a very large inrush current and may explode because of over current. (So far I have not been able to find this, there is however a PS magazine article saying the BA-5598 is Taboo for the PRC-25 probably because of the lack of current limiting on the 3 Volt supply.)
    BB-586/U NiCad rechargable

    Current Consumption

    Note:
    When the Function switch is in the OFF position the +15 Volt section of the battery sees an open circuit, BUT the 3 Volt section is loaded with about 40 k Ohms 75 micro  Amps.  This is probably small enough to ignore except for long term storage when the battery should be removed form the radio.
     
    On & quiet
    On & full noise
    Transmit
    LITE
    15 Volts
    50 mA
    47 mA
    1,100 mA
    0
    3 Volts
    0
    0
    375 mA
    255 mA
    The filament has a hot resistance of 2.77/.375 = 7.38 Ohms.
    The LITE tests only the 3V part of the battery, and this is commonly the part that discharges first in a field application.
    24 hours of standby (On & quiet) would require a 1.2 AH battery.
    If there was a 1 minute transmission every hour for 24 hours then a 3.0 AH battery would be need.
    A 3.02 AH battery would last for 2 hours of talking and no listening.
    The common Alkaline "C" battery has 8.35 AH and a "D" battery has 18 AH of capacity.
    A good NMH rechargeable "D" cell might hold 8 AH.

    Power Out vs. DC Supply Voltages

    3 V
    15 V
    51.0 MHz 
    Pout (W)
    3 V Cur
    Amp
    12 V Cur
    Amp
    BA-4386
    BK1786
     
     
     
    3.0
    15.0
    2.0
    ?
    1.08
    3.0
    14.0
    1.8
    ?
    .98
    3.0
    13.0
    1.5
    ?
    .90
    3.0
    12.0
    1.3
    ?
    .81
    3.0
    11.5
    1.4
    ?
    .83
    3.0
    11.0
    1.2
    ?
    .78
    3.0
    10.5
    1.2
    ?
    .76
    3.0
    10.0
    1.1
    ?
    .72
    3.0
    9.5
    1.0
    ?
    .67
    3.0
    9.0
    0.9
    ?
    0.62
    3.0
    8.5
    0.8
    ?
    0.58
    3.0
    8.0
    0
    ?
    0.36
    E3631A
    BK1786
     
     
     
    3.0
    15.0
    2.3
    0.346
    1.13
    2.5
    15.0
    2.0
    0.308
    1.09
    2.0
    15.0
    1.5
    0.269
    0.95
    1.5
    15.0
    1
    0.226
    0.8
    Note: Using a "new" BA-4386 battery from eBay for the 15 Volt supply produced only 1.0 Watts,
    checking the voltage across the Magnesium battery showed :
    14.8 V on receive with noise heard, but
    9.97 Volts on Tx after 10 seconds of PTT.
    Maybe these "new" batteries are not such a good deal!
    After replacing the BA-4386 as the 3.0 V supply the power out increased from 2.0 to 2.3 Watts,
    so it looks like it's filiment section was also a little weak.
    As a confirmation the BA-4386 was connected directly to the PRC-25 and the power output checked.
    The result was 1.0 Watt.

    Also tried a BA-5598/U Lithium 1/2 size battery that was purchased as New Old Stock. The power out of the PRC-25 with this battery was 1.4 watts, almost a watt lower than it should be, but better than the NOS BA-4386/U.  WARNING - This was a mistake, the BA-5598/U is too hot for the filament and can damage the final tube, see below.

    TS-183 Battery Test Set results on the same batteries as tested above

     
    BA-5598/U A1
    Jack 6 
    >2.7 V
    2.65 V
    BA-5598/U A2
    Jack 12
    > 14.0 V
    14.0 V
    BA-4386/U A1
    Jack 6
    >2.7 V
    3.18 V
    BA-4386/U A2
    Jack 12
    >12.0 V
    15.0

    These results seem to say that the BA-4386/U meets all specs and is better than the BA-5598/U, but functional testing on the radio says the BA-5598/U performs better than the BA-4386/U and also that the BA-4386/U is about dead.  This points out the difficulty in testing modern battery chemistries with the TS-183 method of lightly loading the battery and measuring the loaded voltage.  That's why testers like the LS 91 were developed.

    Since the voltmeter range is coupled to the jack number, you cannot use a lower load resistor than the minimum one for the same color jack.
    In the case of Yellow Jack 12 for the 15 V section the lowest resistance Yellow jack is number 11 at 100 Ohms that gives about the same results as jack 12 at 298 Ohms.

    The PSM-13 Battery test set showed the BA-4386 completly dead.

    Page 35 of 210 in TM 11-5820-398-35 says the transmit frequency should be within +/- 3.5 kHz with the supply voltages set at 2.25 (fil) and 10 (main), indicating that these are operational voltages.

    Figure 79.7, standard receiver test setup and Figure 79.8 (paragraph 103) standard transmitter test, of  TM 11-5820-398-35 is the  setup for the PRC-25 and uses 12.5 Volts for the B supply and 2.5 volts for the A supply as the normal condition.  2.25 & 10 Volts for the low voltage testing and 3 & 15 Volts for the high voltage testing.

    J3 Power Connector Pin Out

     Seperate web page about the POWER connector.
    POWER pin 
    PRC-25 Function
    AUDIO pin
    PRC-77 Function
    A
    Ground
     A
     same
    B
     Rx audio
     B
     same
    C
     PTT
     C
     same
    D
    Mic 
     D
     same
    E
     +15 power to FUNCTION switch (Ext + 15 VDC in here)
     -
     same
    F
    +15 VDC from battery (Z1 jumper plug connects E & F) 
     -
     same
    H
    feed +2.5 VDC to FUNCTION switch LITE  position 
    or to PA final Tube filament
    (Z1 jumper plug connects H, L & M)
    (Ext +3 VDC in here)
     -
    spare, not used 
    PRC-77 uses a
    15 V LITE
    J
    ground for pin D 
     -
     same
    K
    ReTrans PTT 
     same
    L
      +2.5 VDC from battery
     -
    gnd = tone disable 
    M
     +2.5 V to A10 diode bias
    (Ext +3 VDC in here)
     -
     spare, not used
    N
     switched +13 from FUNCTION switch
     -
     +10 VDC reg
    P
     spare, not used
    PRC-25B wideband audio out with PCC-1 Mod
     -
    wideband audio out 
    R
     spare, not used
    PRC-25B wideband audio in  with PCC-1 Mod
     -
    wideband audio in 

    The Z1 (GC U-317/U) jumper plug must be connected for the radio to work from the battery.
    If your's is missing I could make a functional equivalent based n the same plug used for the VPA2577 Vehicle Power Adapter cable, but this would just look like the plug with no wires.  If interestedlet me know.

    External DC Power

    • Pin A is ground
    • Pin E has the vehicle "12 Volt" power
    • Pins H, L & M would need a current limited 2.5 Volts

    VPA2577 Vehicle Power Adapter

    This is a cable with Power Pole connectors for the "12 Volt" input DC and a connector to mate with the POWER connector on the radio.  It has a resistor divider to supply the 3 Volts for the A10 module diode biasing and a series resistor for the LITE test or the final tube filament. 

    CX-8808 Artic Battery Cable

    One end, with a 5 pin plug, connects to a battery that's worn under the radio operator's clothing to keep it warm.  The other end has a U-316 plug to mate with the PRC-25 or PRC-77 POWER connector.

    Modification For use with AN/PCC-1 multiplexer = PRC-25B

    This increases the bandwidth to 0.3 to 20 kHz.  May have been used with the TH-81 Multiplexer, Provides one voice orderwire channel, four 100 WPM teletype channels and 4 telephone channels, with companding, Used with AN/VRC-12
    and AN/PRC-77.   Note that the use of J3 pins P & R was determined by this modification to the PRC-25 and became the standard used on the PRC-77.

    Modules

    #
    Function
    ID
    Mod
    Alignment
    -35 parag
    A1
    Converter DC to DC
    C-447269 Memcor
     
     
    A2
    Power Amp Tank
     
     
    43, 72e
    A3
    First RF Amp
     
    CR1 Mod Added
    73d,e
    A4
    Second RF Amp
     
     
    "
    A5
    Receiver Mixer
     
     
    74d,e
    A6
    Transmit Intermediate Power Amp
     
     
    75d,e
    A7
    Transmit Second RF
     
     
    76d,e
    A8
    Transmit First RF
     
     
    77d,e
    A9
    VFO
     
    late model
    64009-PP-63
    44, 78c,d
    A10
    Interval Osc (14 each Xtals)
     
    C17 Mod Added
    79e,f,g
    A11
    Freq Synth Discriminator Divider
     
     
    80d,e
    A12
    Freq Synth Second Mixer
     
     
    81e,f
    A13
    53 MHz Filter
     
     
    82d
    A14
    Freq Synth First Mixer
     
     
    83e,f
    A15
    1 MHz Spectrum Generator ( 1 MHz Xtal)
     
     
    84d
    A16
    Voltage Regulator
     
    late model
    na
    A17
    Freq Synth Phase Comparator
     
     
    86c
    A18
    Freq Synth IF Amp
     
    late model
    87d
    A19
    Quarter Wave Network
     
     
    88c
    A20
    Side Step Oscillator
     
    PCC-1
    45, 89d
    A21A
    Receiver IF
     
    PCC-1 
    90d
    A22
    Speech Amp Limiter
     
     
    na
    A23
    Tone Generator
     
    late model
    na
    A24
    Tone Squelch
     
    late model
     
    A25/55
    Receiver Audio Amp
     
    PCC-1 
     
    A26
     Synth mother board
     
     
     
    A27
    Hinged Audio & Control chassis 
     
     
     
    A28
    Antenna Loading Network
     
     
     
    A29
    Transmit Power Amp (2DF4)
     
     
     
    FL3
    11.5 MHz Filter
     
    PCC-1
     
    Z1
    Discriminator
     
     
     

    Whip Antenna Connector

    The PRC-25 radio was where the AT-892 3' tape measure whip was developed.  This is the same 5/16-24 thread used on most of thePRC-68 family of squad radios.  At the bottom of the whip antenna connector on the PRC-25 there is a mechanical switch that changes the antenna tuning for either the AT-892 or when activated by the AB-591 for the 3 meter AT-271.
     
     
    AB-591
                        Spring Base
    AT-271
                        Fishing Pole Ant
    AT-271
                        Ant showing tip
     AT-892 Tape Ant
     Goose Neck p/o
                      AT-892
    AB-591 Spring
    (no flex)
    3/8-24 socket 
    @ top
    5/16-24  w/ext 
    @ bot
    AT-271 Base
    3/8-24 base
    AT-271 Tip
    1/4-28 
    (3 meters long with 591)
    AT-892
    3' tape
    (1 meter long with flex)
    P/O
    AT-892
    Spring
    +
    Flex

    AB-1135/PRC

    An angle iron stake that can be driven into the ground and will hold the AB-591 + AT-271 Antenna.  The mounting block that accepts the AB-591 looks just like the block on the PRC-25 and has a right angle BNC(f) connector.
     
    AB-1135
    AB-1135

    These new in government wrap are being sold by  Jim Wiliams & Sons Surplus on eBay as "Military Radio PRC-25/77 Antenna Ground Mount".  The AT-892 + flex base is about 1 meter long and will be near 50 Ohms at 75 MHz.  The AT-271 + AB-591 is about 3 meters long and will be near 50 Ohms at 25 MHz.  At other frequencies some type of matching will be needed for transmitting.  Maybe the correct length of 75 Ohm TV coax would match the AT-892 and/or AT-271 for use at 51.0 MHz?

    4 Sep. 2003 - By opening a joint and folding the top sections down beside the lower sections and tying them together you can make a number of different lengths of whip antenna.  Using this method you can easily match the AT-271 to the frequency of operation.

    # Sections
    Len in.
    F Mhz
    7
    120
    25
    6
    104
    28
    5
    88
    33
    4
    72
    41
    3
    56
    53
    2
    40
    74
    1
    24
    123

    Transmitter Alignment

    Typically the prior stage needs to be removed and the stage being aligned peaked.  Can you just aling these using the transmitter itself?
     
     
    A8
    A9
    A7
    A6
    A29
    A28
    A2
    A20
    man para
     77d,e
    -35p44
    76d,e 
    75d,e 
    na 
    na 
    -35p43
    -35p45
    na 
    Tx 1st RF
    VFO
    Tx 2nd RF
    Tx Intermediate Power Amp
    Tx Power Amp (2DF4)
    Antenna Loading Network
    Power Amp Tank
    side step
    osc
    30 MHz
    T2
    T1
    T3
    T2
    na
    na
    T1
     T1 & T2
    11.5 MHz
    52.95 MHz
    C6
     na
    C9
    C6
    na
    na
    C1
     na
    53 MHz
    T3
     na
    T2
    T3
    na
    na
    T2
     na
    64.450
     na
    C9
    na 
    na 
    na 
    na 
    na 
     na
    75.95 MHz
    C9
     na
    C6
    C8
    na
    na
    C2
     na

    PS Magazine articles on the PRC-77 and PRC-25

    1988 to 1998 Index with links to most articles

    A battery of Good Ideas - BA-4386 training, BA-5598 combat.  When using the 1/2 size BA-5598/U add center rubber pads 9320-00-930-0724 using cement 8040-00-664-4318.  Bat Box should have a vent 4820-00-296-9677.
     
    Item
    NSN
    battery support pads
    9320-00-930-0724
    " " " cement
    8040-00-664-4318
    Bat Box vent
    4820-00-296-9677

    The Battery Choice - BA-4386 $13 training, BA-5598 combat $43.
    Lithium Battery is Taboo - The reason that the PRC-25 may not work with the BA-5598 is because of the diode inside the battery 3 Volt circuit dropping its voltage below the final tube filament requirement of 2.5 volts.  Note that a LiSO2 cell puts out 3.0 volts and has a low internal resistance.
    474-42 - Spare Some Care For Radio Set -
     
    Item
    NSN
    AUDIO contact cleaner
    6850-00-105-3084
    AUDIO dumbell cover
    5340-00-973-1732
    POWER shorting cap
    5935-00-973-1859
    battery connector gasket
    5330-01-049-0038
    AT-271 top cap
    5999-01-259-5009

    4546-45 - PRC-77 Keep nut tight on KY-57 - CX-12991/U cable (NSN 5995-01-058-2513).

    486-61 - Clip for CW-503 -
     
    Item
    NSN
    ALICE keeper 
    bag to belt
    TM 10-8400-203-23
    5340-00-735-5580

    451-42 - LC-2 Frame for PRC-25 or -77 - TM 11-5820-667-12 and -20P are short on NSNs
    509-44 - Safe and Secure in LC-2 Frame -
     
    Item
    NSN
    LC-2 Pack Frame
    w/ straps
    8465-01-073-8326
    Left quick-release strp
    8465-00-269-0482
    Right quick-rel strap
    8465-01-078-9285
    Lower Back strap w/clamp
    8465-01-151-2891
    Waist strap
    8465-01-075-8164
    Cargo tiedown strap (2 each)
    8465-00-001-6477
    Extra Shelf for KY-57
    TM 11-5810-256-10-2
    8465-00-001-6476

    450-44 - PM Tips - tape can be used in place of the dumbell AUDIO cover
    Old link = http://www.logsa.army.mil/psma/1990/450/450-44-45.pdf
    new link =https://www.logsa.army.mil/WEB-PAGE/1990/450/450-44-45.pdf 
    Item
    NSN
    H-250 connector O-Ring
    5330-00-905-6032
    The M-80, H-189 and a lot of other AUDIO accessories that use the U-229 connector use this same O-ring.

    Never use a lithium battery in an AN/PRC-25's RT-505 receiver-transmitter.  This type battery will damage the radio's tube.  Only use the magnesium battery. (??WHY?? - Ans. Maybe the BA-5598/U 3V section has no current limiting needs to be checked!!!)

    Update - The early BA-5598 batteries had two diodes, one for the 15 Volt sectin and one each for the 3 Volt section to prevent charging.  Later when they removed the diode from the 3 Volt section, since no one was going to try and charge it there and because of the problem of low filament voltage and the output increased enough to be a problem for the PRC-25.
    2 Sep 2004 A thought.  If the 3 volt anti-charging diode was a Silicon PN junction type it would have about 0.6 volts drop resulting in about 2.4 volts to the tube, which may have been on the low side.

    25 Nov 2004 - The BA-4386 uses a piece of 5" long  #30 wire that has about 1.28 Ohms of resistance to limit current flow in the filament.  It seems the designers of the BA-5598 were not aware of this.

    520-46 - Whip Antenna Troubles -
     
    Item
    NSN
    AT-271 cord
    4020-00-281-8439
    CLP (4 oz bottle)
    9150-01-079-6124

    When folding the AT-271, start at the top so that the spring at the base can work.  If you start at the base the spring will not be able to work

    428-44 Keep the AUDIO contacts clean and shiny

    427-23 - Keep the ANT drain hole clear

    435-47 - Make your own harness from LC-2 stock parts
     
    Item
    NSN
    Frame
    8465-01-073-8326
    Tiedown (2 each)
    8465-00-001-6477
    Shelf 8465-00-001-6467

    Manuals

    PRC-25 Radio Manuals

    TM 11-5820-398-12  Radio Set,
    AN/PRC-25 (NSN 5820-00-857-0759) (Including Receiver-Transmitter, Radio, RT-505/PRC-25) (5820-00-857-0934)
    (Reprinted W/Basic Incl C1-6)

    TM 11-5820-398-35    Radio Set,
            AN/PRC-25  (Reprinted W/Basic Incl C1-2)

    TM 11-5820-398-20P  Radio Set
             AN/PRC-25 (NSN 5820-00-857-0759) 

    TM 11-5820-398-34P
            Radio Set AN/PRC-25 (NSN 5820-00-857-0759)

    TM 11-5820-497-20P  
            Direct Support and General Support Maintenance Repair Parts and Special Tools Lists
            (Including Depot Maintenance Repair Parts and Special Tools) for
            Receiver-Transmitter, Radio, RT-505/PRC-25 (NSN 5820-00-857-0934) April 1979

           GRC-125 & VRC-53 Vehicle Configuration Manuals

    Note that the VRC-64 and GRC-160 replace the PRC-25 with the PRC-77.
    These manuals also have information on the VIC-1 Vehicle Inter Communication system that connects to the MT-1029 holding the AM-2060 Audio Amplifier - Power Supply.

    TM 11-5820-498-12 Operator’s and Organizational Maintenance Manual
    Radio Sets
            AN/VRC-53 (NSN 5820-00-223-7467),
            AN/VRC-64 (NSN 5820-00-223-7475),
            AN/GRC-125 (NSN 5820-00-223-7411), and
            AN/GRC-160 (NSN 5820-00-223-7473), and
    Amplifier-Power Supply Groups
            OA-3633/GRC and OA-3633A/GRC (NSN 5820-00-973-3383)

    TM 11-5820-498-20P Organizational Maintenance Repair Parts and Special Tools List for
    Radio Sets
           AN/VRC-53 (NSN 5820-00-223-7467),
           AN/VRC-64 (NSN 5820-00-223-7475),
           AN/GRC-125 (NSN 5820-00-223-7411), and
           AN/GRC-160 (NSN 5820-00-223-7473) and
    Amplifier, Power Supply Groups
           0A-3633/GRC and 0A-3633A/GRC (Parts List for 0A-3633/GRC and 0A-3633A/GRC (NSN 5820-00-973-3383) Only))

    TM 11-5820-498-34P Direct Support and General Support Maintenance Repair Parts and Special Tools List 
            (Including Depot Maintenance Repair Parts and Special Tools) for Radio Sets
            AN/VRC-53,
            AN/VRC-64,
            AN/GRC-125  and
            AN/GRC-160 and
    Amplifier, Power Supply Groups
            0A-3633/GRC and 0A-3633A/GRC  (Parts List for OA-3633/GRC and 0A-3633A/GRC, NSN 5820-00-973-3383, Only)

    TM 11-5820-498-35 DS,GS, and Depot Maintenance Manual Radio Sets
            AN/VRC-53,
            AN/VRC-64,
            AN/GRC-125  and
            AN/GRC-160 and
    Amplifier-Power Supply Groups
                OA-3633/GRC and OA-3633A/GRC

    TM 11-5820-497-34P  
            Reveiver-Transmitter, Radio, RT-505/PRC-25 (NSN 5820-00-857

    TM 11-2300-364-15-1  Instructions for Installing Radio Set AN/VRC-46, AN/VRC-53, or AN/GRC-125, and Intercommunication Set AN/VIC-1(V) Installation Units, in Armored Vehicle Launcher Bridge (M48A2 Hull)

    TM 11-2300-362-15-2 Radio Sets, AN/VRC-46, AN/VRC-53 or AN/GRC-125; nstallation Unit in Mobile Floating Assault Bridge/Ferry

    TM 11-2300-361-15-4 Installation of Radio Set AN/VRC–12, AN/VRC-46, AN/VRC-47, AN/VRC-53, or AN/GRC–125 and Intercommunication Set AN/VIC–1(V) in Tank, Combat, Full-Tracked, 105MM Gun, M60

    SB 11-660 Recoverability Code A for
            Modules in AN/VRC-12 Series, AN/TTC-38, AN/PRC-25 AND AN/PRC-77 

    SB 11-131  List of vehicle instllatoin kits

    Parts List

    Standard Equipment PRC-25 Set   NSN 5820-00-857-0759 (GRC-125)

    RT-505/PRC-25 Receiver Transmitter and RT-505A/PRC-25 NSN 5820-00-857-0934
    CY-2562/PRC-25 Battery Box  - 13 Sep 1972 MWO 11-5800-211-1 install pressure relief valve  NSN 5820-00-086-7148
    ST-138/PRC-25 Harness Electrical Equipment  NSN 5820-00-892-8094
    Batteries BA-4386/PRC-25
    CW-503/PRC-25 Cotton Duck Accessory carry bag for both antennas and handset  (w/2 ALICE clips) NSN 5820-00-086-7138

    Optioinal Equipment

    MK-456(*)/GRC Retransmission Cable   TM 11-5820-101-12, TM 11-5995-202-20P Has no provision for external DC power, but that could be provided though the POWER connector.
    MK-456 Cable connects between the AUDIO connectors on two PRC-25 radios.
    AN/GRA-39 Remote control TM 11-5820-477-30,  -12, -23P and AN/GRA-6
    SB-22/PT Manual Switchboard
    AM-4148 Range Booster RF Amp
    AN/GSA-7, TM 11-5135-15, -15LD, TM 11-5820-274-24P , O-574/GRC Oscillator   5820-082-4049 for use with AN/GSA-7 for Radio Wire Integration of the PRC-25 asa well as the PRC-8, PRC-9, PRC-10. AT-784/PRC Homing Antenna  TM 11-5985-284-15, TM 11-5985-284-24P AT-984/AG 150 foot wire Antenna FSN 5820-926-0201 (may be an early version of the OE-303)
    RC-292  Antenna TM 11-5820-348-15  Is a 1/4 wave whip with 3 sloping ground elements, need to adjust all element lengths for the freq.
    OE-254/GRC Antenna Group TM 11-5985-357-13  Is a broad band 1/2 Rhombic

    the MT-1029 vehicle mount goes with the AM-2060. Drawing of just the AM-2060 & power cable CX-    ,
    For more on the cabling between these see TM 11 5820-498-12 Fig 2-3. & TM 11-5820-401-35-9
    AT-912/VRC An earlier version of the AS-1729.
    MT-3823 Shock Mount - holds the PRC-25 directly, no electrical parts, or the KY-38 when used with the PRC-77
    LC-2 ALICE pack frame and two cargo starps
    AM-1780 Vehicle Audio amplifier and related VIC-x equipment: C-2296, C-2297, C-2298
    AS-1729 Antenna -
    PSM-13 Battery Test Set
    PSN-6 LORAN-C
          Receiver. PSN-6 LORAN-C Receiver that attaches where the battery box normally goes.  The top of the PSN-6 has a recess to hold the radio battery and the standard CY-2562/PRC-25 Battery Box holds a second battery for the PSN-6.  The PSN-6 uses the AT-892 1 meter tape antenna and it's flex base.  Although the Loran receiver attaches to the radio there is no provision for automatic position reporting, the radio operator just uses the H-250 handset to report his position or that of a target.



    The dual rubber cover for the two AUDIO connectors is NSN: 5340-00-973-1732  p/n: SM-B-447220

      KY-671 Decoder Indicator

    KY-671 Decoder IndicatorThis is now a mystery so if you actually know about it please let me know.

    The name "Decoder Indicator" says this box was ment to receive a signal that has already been encoded and this box decodes the signal and then lights one of the channel indicator lamps and activates an alarm.  It can not do the encoding, so having a pair of these does not make a working system.



    On the front panel there are:
    This unit was designed to work with the PRC-25 and so probably uses audio tones in the voice frequency range.  The PRC-77 has a much wider IF bandwidth to support digital voice encryption.  The Signal Input connector is a BNC-f not an audio type connector that would be expected for audio tones from the PRC-25.  So this is a mystery.  Maybe the Signal Input will take a signal direct from an antenna or . . . .? ? ?

    28 June 2006 - This may be related to the GRA-114 which is a system that locates enemy artillary by time of arrival of the "boom".  This equipment works in the VHF low band.  The Outdoor Instusion Detectors work in the VHF Hi band and do not interoperate with the PRC-25.

    AM-4306 ?

    AM-4477 Range Booster optionally with CY2577 DC Power Supply for use in AM-2060 with MT-1029.

    Test Equipment

    Field

    TS-2609(*)/U  AN/URM-182 Power Meter (looking for 0.5 to 3 Watts) uses a short BNC-BNC CG-409/G/U Cable,  TM 11-6625-2718-14&P
    PSM-13 Battery Tester - Warning - Do NOT test the BA-5598/U, the adapter may burn out because the LiSO2 chemistry can produce much more current than the BA-4386/U Magnesium battery this meter was designed for.
    PRM-34 "God Box" small multifunction test set that includes a power meter and field strength meter.  This power meter is a two connector through type so you can measure both power to the antenna and the power reflected from antenna and tell if the antenna has a bad VSWR.

    Depot

    PRC-25 Specific

    TS-1755  AN/GRM-55 Test Set, Electronic Plug-In Circuit,TM 11-6625-514-12, TM 11-6625-514-45P, NSN 6625-00-973-2117,      includes 150, 1000 kHz and 25 MHz osc. TM 11-6625-514-12 for operation.
    3" Module Extender  Fair Radio photo

    MK-1745 Test Acc KitMk-1745 Test accessories kit - The MK-1745/U Electronic Test Kit is designed to test the AN/PRC-77, AN/PRC-25 Radios, also the AN/PCC-1, AN/TRC-166, AN/MRC-134, AN/MRC-135, and other Tactical Radio and Terminal Sets. It includes a variety of different breakout boxes for multi-pin and 5 pin audio connectors on front panels of radios that allow measurements and testing of the transceivers, as well as, the accessories. Also included are two BIRD Model 80BNCM DC-1 GHZ, 5 watt, 50 Ohm Dummy Loads (DA-318/U), various BNC connector adapters, BNC to Banana plug adapters, a Power Supply Test Load Box, Resisters, Attentuators, Test Leads, Manuals and a fiberglass storage case.

    Test Adapter for the POWER connector has push down terminals for 12 of the 14 pins.

    Generic

    AN/URM-48 Signal Generator   TM 11-1257, TM 11-6625-267-35P
    AN/URM-25F Signal generator TM 11-5551E, TM 11-6625-278-20P, -40P, TM 11-5551B
    ME-57/U Modulation Meter    TM 11-6625-400-12, -14&P, -20P, -35, -40P
    AN/URM-26 Frequency Meter   TM 11-5057
    AN/URM-43 RF Watt Meter   TM 11-5133
    TS-382F/U Audio Oscillator   TM 11-6625-261-12
    TS-723A/U Spectrum Analyzer   TM 11-5097  (this is really an HP 33x series distortion analyzer used for receiver sensivity testing)
    ME-26B/U   Multimeter    TM 11-6625-200-12
    ME-30A/U Voltmeter       TM 11-6625-320-12
    AN/USM-50A Oscilloscope   TM 11-5129
    PP-2953() - 25.5 VDC power supply for testing MT-1029, AM-2060 etc. , TM 11-6130-233-12, -24P, -35

    Links

    AN/PRC-25 A Forgotten Legend by Dennis Starks
    U.S. Military Portable Radios  By Alan D. Tasker, WA1NYR with Rebuttal by Dennis Starks
    Navy Advancement - Seabee Combat Handbook - Chapter 11 Organic Communications Equipment -
    Steve Haney makes an Audio Amplifier/Power Supply that allows using the PRC-25 in a vehicle and the audio and DC power are through the POWER connector on the radio. He also has some of the accessories.
    First Battalion Fourth Marines - Communications – Electronics - after action reports some notes about PRC-10, PRC-25 interopertion and battery usage
    Back to Brooke's Products for SaleTelephones, PRC-68 Family of Squad Radios, U229 Audio Accesories, Audio Connectors, Military Information, Electronics, Home page

    [an error occurred while processing this directive] page created 26 Oct. 2001.