Monolight Optical Spectrum Analyzer


Beseler PM1 Darkroom Color Analyzer


Wollensak L3524D Direct Vision Spectroscope


Ocean Optics HR2000 Spectrometer

Welch Teaching Spectroscope

© Brooke Clarke 2007 - 2010
Monolight Optical Spectrum Analyzers
Beseler PM1 Darkroom Color Analyzer
Wollensak L3524D Direct Vision Spectroscope
Ocean Optics HR2000 Spectrometer
HP 70950 Series OSA
Spectronic 20D spectrometer
Welch Teaching Spectroscope
EFI Spectrophotometer patents
Building a simple spectroscope
Related Web Pages

Monolight Optical Spectrum Analyzers

6101  350 to 1100 nm
6102   700 to 2200 nm???
Monolight Optical Spectrum Analyzer 6101
                      Optical Spectrum Analizer 6102
Monolight Optical Spectrum Analyzer 6101
                      Optical SPectrum Analyzer 6102
                      Optical Spectrum Analyzer Slit Photo Diode 6111
                      Optical Spectrum Analyzer RS6112 Photodiode
                      6101 Left Inside
                      Optical Spectrum Analyzer 18VAC 200 ma PS
Monolight 6000 Optical Spectrum Analyzer
There are 4 different slit widths.
The narrowest for the finest wavelength resolution
and the widest for the most light to the photodiode.
Note the rectangular photo diode may need to be optimized
in rotation when the wide slie is used.


I'd like to be able to measure the spectrum from LED and found these Monolight Optical Spectrum Analyzers on eBay.  They use an optical grating that's rotating to scan a spectrum.  A scope, analyzer box or custom PIC micro controller can read the brightenss on the diode as a function of the time since the motor trigger (index) pulse.  For more on how they work see the Wiki article on the Monochromator.  For a lot more technical deepth see The Optics of Spectroscopy - A TUTORIAL  on the  Horiba Jobin Yvon website (they make gratings).

Historically spectral analysis is the basis of a great part of modern physics.  For more see the References paragraph on my Fire web page.


Instruments Ltd.

Rofin Sinar
Model 6101
hand label
350-1100 nm
700 to 2200  nm

Rofin seems to be a high power laser maker and no longer offers this product.
Macam Photometrics is still in business and offers a number of optical products, although their web page for the Monolight is sparse.  I hope they have manuals for these.


The optical assembly is wrapped in black plastic to minimize stray light.  There is some relation between the grating lines/mm (1200 or 600) and the spectrum that can be displayed at the first order.  A low or high pass filter may be needed at the input to limit the wavelength entering the OSA so that the harmonics do not show up.
The second grating number may be the "blasť" (500 or 1000) and is the wavelength where the performance is best, so for the 6101 it would be optimized for visible light and the 6102 for near IR light.

Considering the short length of the cables on the photo diodes and the labels AMP In and Out, it's likely that photo diode gets connected to the Amp In BNC jack.  The holes in the optical assembly are different diameters for the 6101 and 6102 with the 6102 having the larger hole.  The photo diodes are also different diameters so they are shown above in the correct column.

The input block and seperate output block of the optical assembly can be moved about 1/4 inch which may be for calibration or peaking of the response.

There is a metal template on the optical assembly with different slit sizes.

The function of the 7 socket DIN connector is a mystery.




Both OSAs are marked as using 18 VAC @ 200 ma and that's what the label on the wall wart Power Cube says.


When the power connector is connected with you ear on the box you can just hear the motor running.
The Trig Out has a pulse about 3 ms wide with a period very close to 100 ms.
Triggering a scope from that pulse and then looking at the Amp Out sometimes shows a repeated pattern when a bright LED flashlight is shined into the input slit.
Maybe an optic is needed to focus the input light on the slit?


W's Laser-Projects page ! - Rofin-Sinar RSO 6000 Scanning Monochromator/Optical Spectrum Analyzer - a web page by someone interested in lasers.  Has photos of inside of the optical assembly with green laser light beam.  There's a notch in the metal side wall that appears to be there to allow light to escape from the OSA and maybe go somewhere else?

Also shown is an EG&G   Gamma Scientific 6200 Control box connected to the 6000 series OSA. 
Front Panel
Speed pot & switch for Internal, AC or External
4 digit thumbwheel switch for wavelength (1100 near IR shown)
analog meter reading 0 to 100 (%?)
Two knobs under the wavelength thumbwheels with unknown function
a GAIN adjustment knob
A LED for Auto Scan On
Another LED for unknown function
what may be a MODE switch with mention of a Scope
Rear Panel
Switch Autoscan On/Off
Scan Speed switch nm/sec 1(?) or 10(?)
3 more switches unknown label
4 BNC jacks the left 3 associated with a chart plotter and the right 3 with a computer
? Ext Trigger Input BNC
??G In (SIG or TRIG?)
3 BNC jacks to drive a Scope
another BNC jack?

The 6200 may generate small markers each 1 nm and higher ones every 10 nm. (scope in X-Y mode)


2516672 Apparatus for Measuring Radiant Energy, F. G. Brockman (Socony-Vacuum Oil Co), Jul 1950,
338/18 ; 246/DIG.1; 250/339.04; 250/339.06; 330/109; 330/117; 330/119; 330/146; 330/81; 330/92; 338/19; 338/199; 338/237; 338/25; 346/33A; 346/33B; 346/33R; 374/121; 374/163
Vacuum tube OSA

Beseler PM1 Darkroom Color Analyzer

Front panel says pm1 color analyzer by beseler
Solid State Photo Multiplier Internally Stabilized

It seems to work.  For each filter position you can adjust the pot to get a zero center reading on the meter.
Using a different light source, like different LEDs gives very different pot readings.  Although the pots are dirty and need a squirt of cleaner.
Got this for almost nothing on eBay, maybe because of the missing color dots on the pots or maybe because film is becoming obsolete for many applications.
If you know of a free manual tell me where to get it.  The manuals I've seen for sale cost many times what I paid for the analyzer.

                  PM1 Color Analyzer
                  PM1 Color Analyzer
Hole in white field is input to PMT.
On-Off Switch
Zero center meter
Adjustment post for Cyan, Yellow, Magenta and White Filter switch on side for same colors

Black box made in England has PMT and switch that selects
color filter and which channel meter reads.


Wollensak L3524D Direct Vision Spectroscope


The eyepiece is shown at the left.  The short tube on the right contains the wavelength scale which is focused by sliding the tube in and out.  The longer tube contains the grating which is focused by sliding it in and out.  The knurled ring on the long tube can be turned over a small range to control the brightenss of the incoming light.  The knurled screw and lock nut adjust the scale display relative to the spectrum display.  Note the spectrum scale shows 750 (nm) on the left and 400 (nm) on the right.  Between the lines for 575 and 600 is a longer line marked "D" for the Sodium "D" line (Wiki: Na) used to adjust the scale position. 

Wollensak L3524D Direct Vision Spectroscope


First focus the scale and spectroscope tubes by looking at something that has a line spectrum like a computer monitor (not a hot body that has a broad spectrum where there are no lines to focus on).  The focus needs to be done first since changing the spectroscope focus moves the spectrum it generates.

Some table salt (NaCl) on aluminum foil produces a line at 589 nm.  Note the Al foil will melt in the stove's gas flame bringing salt into the flame.   and turning the knurled ring to dim the line allows the cal screw to be set and the nut tightened bringing the yellow line onto the "D" reference line.


The spectroscope is held with the long tube to the right (causes the wavelength scale numbers to be right side up).  For me taking off my reading glasses allows better focus of both the scale and spectrum by extending or retracting the two front tubes.

Ocean Optics HR2000 Spectrometer

Ocean Optics HR2000 Optical Spectrum Analyzer OSA

This is a computer display from a USB interfaced hand sized device.  The software is about 50 M Bytes.  When run on a laptop the system becomes a portable Optical Spectrum Analyzer.  It coverts 467 nm to 670 nm i.e. uses the H9 grating.

The plot below was taken on the CF-28 Toughbook in the TV room, and printed as a pdf file to the local folder on my desktop computer.
Acrobat Pro 9 exported a .tiff version of the .pdf which Photoshop 7 made into a web .jpg and here is is at about 1/5 actual size.
I think the sharp drop at the right is the glass cutting off the UV lamp output. 
Do you know what's making the spike at 434 nm?
Answer: A fluorescent light may be the cause of the spike at the low end of the scale.
HR2000 on Toughbook
        Fil Lamp Spectrum
Since this is the first version (no letter suffix) the max count is a little over 4000.  If the integration time is too short then the plot is a flat line at the dark current.  If the integration time is too long the plot flat tops at the top of the plot.  Uning the averaging function has the potential to reduce the noise, but not to give you more counts.


Ocean Optics has both complete PC application software as well as drivers for various flavors of "C" as well as a LabVIEW driver (OmniDriver).

Hardware Interfaces

There are interfaces for SMA 901 Fiber Optic input;  USB 1.1; 2x10 header with: RS-232, Serial Clock and Data (micro Controller) as well as trigger inputs and outputs.

Common Measurements

Relative Irradiance

HP 70950 Series OSA

Seem to be near IR OSAs.

70951A: 600 - 1700 nm
70952A (70952B): 600 - 1750 nm

Spectronic 20D spectrometer

The Model 20 uses an analog meter and the 20D uses LED digital displays for both wavelength and transmission or absorbance.

Welch Teaching Spectroscope

Fig 1
                  Teaching Spectroscope
Fig 2
                  Teaching Spectroscope
Fig 3
                  Teaching Spectroscope
Fig 4
                  Teaching Spectroscope
Yellow board/plastic? - film scale, glass plate.

Looks empty, but . . .
Diffraction grating is in eyepiece
left half of slit mechanism removed to get cover off.
Scale from 40 to 75 x100 Angstrom Units( 4,000 to 7,000 angstroms).
400 to 700 nm
Front to back: glass, film scale, yellow board

2279646 Device for making spectral analyses, Smith Frank P, Filed: Jan 31, 1939, Pub: Apr 14, 1942, 356/303, 356/315, 396/429, 356/328, 356/313, 250/226, 250/554, 356/305 -

EFI Spectrophotometer patents "X-Rite" "i1"

Mainly used for calibrating printers and monitors (YouTube).  Can also be used to measure ambient (or flashlight) light color:
Measuring Ambient Light with X-Rite i1PRO.wmv - done using "advanced" Monitor profiling mode , the LCD, CRT or Laptop choice does not matter neither does the ambient room lighting choice matter but do select ambient light check, attach ambient light head, calibrate with the dark cover in place the remove to expose the diffuser,

It may be possible to use the Datacolor Spyder4 to measure flashlights.
This showed up in Candle Power Forums as a way to measure the CRI (Wiki) of flashlights. An eBay photo shows the label and patent numbers:
5483339 Spectrophotometer and radiometric measurement apparatus, Harold Van Aken, Alan Kravetz, Kenneth Garde, William Weber, Joseph Corrado, GretagMacbeth LLC, 1996-01-09 - for reflected light
6590648 Apparatus for measuring light, Adrian von Orelli, Peter Ehbets, 2003-07-08 - "for measuring light that is emitted, remitted, or transmitted from a measuring object."
6606156 Spectrometer, Peter Ehbets, Adrian von Orelli, Eckard Vasold, Wilhelm Schebesta, Carl Zeiss Microscopy GmbH, 2003-08-12 (X-Rite Switzerland GmbH) - Fiber Optic input 
7345763 Method for operating a color measurement system, Douglas V. Baker, Mark A. Cargill, Bernard J. Berg, Stephen B. Rankin, James L. Mourey, Robert L. Winchester, OTP Inc, X-Rite Inc, Pantone Inc, Gretag Macbeth LLC, X-Rite Holdings Inc, X-Rite Global Inc, Monaco Acquisition Corp, 2008-03-18 -
7492456  Method for operating a color measurement system

Building a simple spectroscope

There are a number of how to articles and simple kits for doing this.  Here's how to make one using (1) a CD-ROM, (2) Rainbow glasses, (3) diffraction gratings.
Sci-Toys: Building a simple spectroscope -

The Remino: Theremino Spectrometer - Technology.pdf - Construction.pdf (includes test light sources) -
Also see Radiation Detectors Ref 2 - Ref 5.


Electro-Optical Gadgets
M18 IR Binocular
PAS6 Metascope IR Viewer & IR Source
IR Beacon
M227 Signal Lamp Equipment SE-11
Spectronic 20D Spectrophotometer - measures light transmission in liquid
Hilger & Watts Spectrometer D 168.3/290


ASEQ Instruments - sells a couple of OSAs for reasonable prices as well as accessories.
Surplus Shed - Wollensak spectrometers, both with and without the wavelength scale.
Roland Guilmet - Ocean Optics HR2000 Spectrometer

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